One of the hydrotherapy aspects is using the physical properties of water. The body weighs less in water than on land, which reduces pain in joints and allows easier starting. Water pressure reduces swelling and edema formation. Water resistance helps stretch the muscles and helps in cardiovascular training. Water buoyancy is one of the important properties of water that is used in hydrotherapy, and it allows you to perform exercises with animals which are not able to exercise without the water benefits like buoyancy and water pressure.
Hydrotherapy has a wide range of applications in veterinary medicine. It is used after surgery of fractures, knee ligaments rupture, surgical treatment of hip dysplasia. Rehabilitation of neurological patients is performed after spine surgery. It is also used for arthritis, and spondyloza. In animals that have heart problems, lung patients, open wounds and skin infections as well as digestive disorders conducting therapy is contraindicated. Hydrostatic pressure pressurizes the chest that can cause problems with breathing and the water temperature warms the body and affects the cardiovascular system.
The most effective hydrotherapy treatment is to use a pool with a treadmill in it. It is very effective in carrying out therapeutic therapy. It is a transparent pool, which is filled to a certain level with water. Water is heated to the required temperature (recommended is 25 to 35 degrees). Too hot water is not desirable due to possible heart failure, and the cold is not effective for therapeutic exercising. Water geochemistry is controlled and disinfected with animal safe chemicals. On the bottom of the pool there is treadmill belt with adjustable speed and operating time. The animal usually enters through the door, or if unable the animal is lifted with a crane into the pool. The pool is designed in such a way that prevents anxiety and possibility of injuring. Some pools have a belt that runs in both directions so you can adjust the exercise accordingly.